The country of Sri Lanka has been ranked to be the fifty third based on populated nations in the world. The biggest ethnic group of Sri Lanka People is the Sinhalese.
The Western province, along with the Central, and North has a high concentration of the Tamil populace. The Tamils of the country are compose the second most dense ethnic group of the region, after the Sinhalese, and have accepted it as home for quite some generations.
The Tamils originated from India arrived in Sri Lanka as “articled laborers” by the British colonists for working on their estate plantations. Almost fifty percent of these laborers got repatriated back after independence in the year nineteen forty eight, -they were started to be known as “Indian Origin” Tamils. These people were distinguished from their native Tamil counterparts who had been in the country from the ancient ages.
A recent survey suggests the existence of the Indian Tamils among “Sri Lanka
People” to be a mere five decimal one percent. In the World Factbook the “Sri
Lankan Tamils” are stated to be of a fourteen percent of the total population.
The population of the “Moors” is at eight percent –the ones that have their generation lineage traced to the Arabian traders, and as well the immigrants who came from the Middle East. The Moors have a concentration mainly inside the cities, and also in the Eastern, and Central provinces.
“Burghers” are among another of a minor race of people who are from a mixed European origin, and there are the “Malays” from the Southeast of Asia.
Although inhabited by many a civilization, the country has two major official languages –the Sinhalese, and the Tamil. Only ten percent of the complete population speaks fluent English. There are variant forms of Creole, Portuguese, and Dutch, spoken by the community of Burghers with a variable proficiency. The members from the Malay community speak a combined form of “Creole Malay”, which is exclusive in the island.
The country has a highly mixed ethnicity and with a multi-religious
population. Seventy percent of the total populace of the Sinhala Island follows
Buddhism. Among those following Buddhism, most follow the “Theravada” school of
In accordance to the traditional chronicles of the country, Buddhism got introduced to the country in the early period of second century BC by Emperor Ashoka’s son Mahindra, during the reign of King Devanampiyatissa.
The “Sri Lanka People” has the longest continual history of Buddhism than any other preponderate Buddhist nation. With the existence of the Sangha for an extensive period of time in the form of a major uninterrupted lineage since the time of origin of the religion in the country, the monastic lineage of the country got a major revival through some recent contacts with Burma and Thailand.
The Mahayana influence being high, along with a huge official neglect that occurred during the colonial rule, formed great amount of challenges for the institutions of Theravada Buddhism that has been alive in the country for a period of over two thousand years.
Hinduism has been second most religion in prevalence in the country –also as well originated from India. In modern times however, almost all of those that follow Hinduism are Tamils, and are residing chiefly in Northern part of the country.
If you are interested in the religions followed by the country, you will be
amazed to know, that even Islam is one of the well prevalent religions of the
The major religions existing in the country and followed by “Sri Lanka People” in modern days are along with Buddhism, and Hinduism, also includes Islam, and as well as Christianity.
The Islam followers comprise of a mere eight percent of the total populace, originated from the Arabian traders over the journey of multiple centuries. Most of the followers are Sunni and are followers of Shafi’i school.
A small amount of the population contains the immigrants from Zoroastrian origin, and is the Parsis, from India. They had come and found their place in the country during the colonial rule of British Empire, when they settled down in Ceylon. Although due to emigration, a very few of the population is still existing, but nonetheless they have played a major role in the Country’s overall growth –so much so as their former finance minister, Nariman Choksy, was a Parsi.